Horizon 2020 - focus areas
NTNU finances an academic process manager and working capital in order to gain European projects for seven different research groups. The seven groups are: Manufacturing, Carbon Capture and Storage, Obesity, Experimental and Theoretical Approaches to Human Language, Energy Systems and Policy, Energy Efficient Computing Systems and Smart Cities.
Smart cities #
Leader: Professor Annemie Wyckmans
Building on a wide range of methods, the strategic interdisciplinary research group on Smart Cities integrates design and technology to promote smart, energy-efficient, resilient, healthy cities. The group consists of experts from material detailing to urban morphology, from energy and mobility systems to governance, citizens and smart tools and data. Our activities include good, visible lighthouse projects, but also meticulous translation of design characteristics into indicators, targets and approaches that can be included in assessment tools, certification, budgets and policy strategies.
Energy efficient computing systems #
Energy efficiency is the key design challenge for future computing systems, ranging from wireless embedded client devices to high performance computing centres. The Energy Efficient Computing Systems (EECS) research initiative has been established to respond to the related research challenges met in the current socio-economic context. The EECS Group's primary research efforts will focus on improving the energy efficiency of computing systems across all abstraction layers – spanning disciplines such as nano-scale electronics, computer architecture and system software and applications.
Leader: Professor Olav Egeland | Process Manager: Project Manager Bjørn Moseng
Manufacturing's primary focus is on production of all kinds of products, including most activities in the value chain from idea to the finished product. Examples of functions are construction, logistics, maintenance, production planning, robotics, use of new materials, production in layers, etc. Manufacturing in the future demands advanced IT, a focus on the environment, man/machine interaction and knowledge of global value chains. The initial focus will address the departments at the IVT faculty, but will also require knowledge from other faculties (IME, HF and more). The manufacturing sector is a natural place to look for partners, while the process and service industries are not covered.
Carbon capture and storage #
NTNU is working on the following important research challenges within the area of carbon capture and storage (CCS):
- Thermal energy production processes for coal, oil and natural gas that enable carbon capture with low energy consumption and minimal costs.
- Carbon capture in industrial processes like cement production, refineries, natural gas processing, ammonia production, steel production and aluminium production.
- Reduced energy consumption in separation processes like absorption, adsorption, membranes, distillation at low temperatures, anti-sublimation and air separation.
- Transport systems for CO2; pipelines or ships.
- Secure and effective large-scale storage of CO2 using knowledge in geology, CO2 chemistry in rocks and fluid flow in rocks.
Social science in energy #
Social science in energy focuses on studies of policies and support structures that promote the transition to a more sustainable energy system. One prerequisite for a more environmentally friendly energy system is for new energy technologies and infrastructure to be understood, accepted and utilised by the public. Social science in energy integrates insights from energy economics, energy systems analysis, political science, sociology, innovation studies and science and technology studies with the goal to improve the basis for decision making on energy issues, both at the user and the system level.