Co-authorship can be a source of conflict. For this reason, it is extremely important to clarify the relationship between co-authors early in the research process.
Norsk versjon - Medforfatter
Avoid problems #
Disagreements surrounding co-authorship can be avoided by either writing a clear agreement beforehand, or by attaching a document to the article that describes each of the author's contributions to the research. Colleagues and information sources that have made a signficant contribution to the research results must also be recognized. Research supervisors and editors also have a responsibility to ensure that acknowledgements to real contributions and co-authorship are made.
The Vancouver Convention is often used as a standard for deciding various issues surrounding co-authorship.
Different academic disciplines have their own practices for determining how to acknowledge contributions and co-authorship.
- The humanities and social sciences (in Norwegian)
- The natural and physical sciences and engineering (in Norwegian)
- Medicine and health sciences (in Norwegian)
Doctoral thesis - declaration of co-authorship #
If you are writing a doctoral thesis containing articles with co-authors, your co-authors must hand in signed declarations of co-authorship. The declaration should contain a description of your and the co-authors' contribution to the article. It is of particular importance that your independent contribution can be identified. The declaration includes consent to the article being included in your thesis.