Automatic graded question types in Inspera - for academic staff
This site contains guidance on how to use automatically graded questions in a digital school exam by using Inspera Assessment.
Table of Contents [-]
- General information about automatically marked questions
- Marking - Set individual marks per alternative
- Marking questions with more than one question element
- Multiple choice question with one correct answer
- Multiple response questions, several correct answers
- Text entry
- Numeric entry
- Math entry
- Inline choice
- True / false
- Matching / pairing
- Drag and drop
- Inline Gap Match
- Graphic Text Entry
General information about automatically marked questions #
The questions are automatically marked based on the predefined settings and correct answers. It is possible to override the automatic marks during grading.
For most of the automatically marked question types is is possible to insert multiple identical elements. This can make a question more complex as more correct answers are needed in order to get full marks. To do this, click the "Insert"-button in the top right corner of the question editor.
Marking - Set individual marks per alternative #
For all multiple choice question types in Inspera (multiple choice, multiple response, drop down and true/false) you can customize the marking by setting individual marks per alternative.
To use this option, check the box "By alternative" in the Marks-tab in the right menu. This will make the marks already set per correct and wrong answers redundant (the boxes are no longer clickable).
To set the individual marks per alternative, click the answer box with the alternatives. In the menu on the right you will now see a number under the green bullet point which marks the correct answer(-s). By clicking the number you can define the individual marks per alternative. You can set negative marks and use up to two decimals.
Marking questions with more than one question element #
If an author wants to insert more than one question element, f.x. several multiple choice questions, it will impact the marking for the question. The setting "Marks for unanswered" applies to the question as a whole, NOT to each question element. That means that if a candidate answers only one of five question elements, the question as a whole is still considered answered. The remaining unanswered question elements are marked as wrong answers. If an author wants to differentiate and give candidates zero marks for unanswered questions and negative marks for wrong answers, but still incorporate several question elements, we recommend that you add an alternative called "Unanswered/Do not wish to answer/Don't know" that is individually marked with zero (see Mark scheme - individual marks per alternative)
Multiple choice question with one correct answer #
Write your question text above the answer box:
Click on the answer box, and you will get the following picture, where you can add all the alternatives in the menu on the right side:
The alternatives can be plain text, LaTex or images. You can choose this from the upper-most drop-down menu. From the drop-down menu below you can choose to show the alternatives either vertically or horizontally.
Add more alternatives (by clicking “Add alternative”), or fewer (simply cross out the ones you do not want). Please note that if a candidate has answered a multiple choice-question with one correct answer, they can not undo the answer. You should therefore consider adding an alternative called "Unanswered"/"Don't know"/Don't want to answer", especially if you have assigned negative marks to wrong answers and zero marks to unanswered questions.
NOTE: The alternative marked by a green bullet point is registered in Inspera as the right answer! By default, this is the first alternative.
If you select images as your alternatives you will see this menu:
Click Upload image to upload an image from your computer.
Under “Options” you can choose to randomize the alternatives.
To assign score marks to your question, click “Marks” on the top right side of the menu panel:
You can define right and wrong answers by assigning positive and negative marks:
Multiple response questions, several correct answers #
Write the question text above the alternatives:
You can assign score marks to your question: Click “Marks” on the top right side of the menu panel, as in the question type above.
Click on the answer box and you will see the following image, which allows you to add the alternatives in the list to the right:
Add more alternatives (by clicking “Add alternative”), or fewer (simply cross out the ones you do not want).
Please note: The alternatives marked by a green bullet point is registered in Inspera as the right answers! By default, this is the second and third alternative. Under “Options” you can choose to randomize the alternatives. As multiple-choice questions, the multiple response question is evaluated automatically.
Text entry #
In this type of question, the student is asked to fill in a word or short sentence in a text field. The right answer may be one or several words in the right order:
By clicking the answer box, a menu will appear on the right hand side:
Under “Correct answers” you can add the right answer(s). You can define several alternatives (remember to consider also adding synonyms of the right answer, or to account for spelling mistakes).
In “Options”, you can choose to ignore or consider case sensitivity or ignore whitespace. Click “close” when the right answer(s) are added.
In the menu on the right side, you will get the following choices:
As for other autmatically evaluated question types, Inspera lets you define marks both positive and negative.
By chosing "Mark scheme" you can add criterias and guidelines for the grading the answers. A blank page, similar to an essay question, is to be filled out. You may use text, table tools, add picture and so on.
You can add an illustration attached to your question by choosing "Main illustration", og you may add a pdf document by choosing "PDF panel".
“Labels” makes it possible to define a second name for the question, which makes it easier to find it by searching in the question bank.
Under "Advanced" you may decide whether only unique answers should be allowed.
Numeric entry #
This question type allows the candidate to fill in a number in a numeric field. The right answer can be a certain numeric value, like a specific number or a number that belongs to a predefined numeric interval. The method of defining the right answers and marks is the same as for the Text entry question type.
Math entry #
This question type is similar to the two question types above (Numeric entry and Text entry), however with mathematical expressions instead of words or numbers. The method for defining right answers, score marking etc. is the same.
The answer in this question type is generated in LaTeX, but is compiled immediately so that the candidate will see only the mathematical expression/formula.
Inline choice #
This question type presents the candidate with several alternative answers from a dropdown menu, where only one of the alternatives is the correct one. This is essentially the same question type as multiple choice, there is only a visual difference. By placing several dropdown menus in a text, the right answers will render the whole text logical/correct. Like in the question types previously described, you can add more elements to the same question by clicking the button “Insert element”. Score marks are defined as in the earlier question types.
True / false #
This question type presents the candidate with two alternatives, where one of them is correct. To define the settings, click on the answer box, which will present a menu on the right hand side.
Under “Prompt”, you can leave an instruction text to replace “Select one alternative” in the question.
To define the answer alternatives, click “Alternatives”. The answer marked with a green bullet point will be defined as the correct one:
In “Options”, you can choose to let the alternative answers be randomized. One question can have several elements: Simply write a new text below the answer box, and click “Insert element”.
Matching / pairing #
Matching questions consists of a table, as shown in the illustration below. The candidate should match the alternative in each row with the correct column.
The question text is placed above the table.
By clicking the table, you will get a menu on the right side:
Under “Prompt” you can add an instructional text which will replace the sentence “Please match the values”. “Rows” and “Columns” give you the possibility to add or remove rows and columns. In “Options”, you can decide to randomize the answer alternatives. Define which answers are the correct ones by clicking on them when making the question; they will be marked by a green bullet point. Adjust the score marks for this question by clicking on the question text, and then adjusting the points under “Marks” in the menu to the right. You can also upload an illustration or a PDF-file to this question type if you wish.
Choosing a composite question type, you can combine elements from several question types in the same question. You may write a question text including multiple choice, multiple response, true/false, text/numeric/math entry or inline choice. To include these elements, choose "Insert":
A drop down meny will appear, and you can chose which element you want to add:
Drag and drop #
The drag and drop question type allows the candidate to drag elements and drop them in predefined drop-fields. Enter your question text in the field above the answer box:
The drag-elements can be pictures and/or text. The drop field can be a picture or simply a field. Make the question by adding a background, a drag-area and a drop-area. Create the relation between these fields by clicking on the drag-element, and then click the corresponding drop-element. If you click on the answer-box, this menu will emerge as a panel on the right:
Under “Prompt” you can define a text in the answer box. “Background” lets you add a background picture. Under “Drag areas” and “Drop areas”, you can add or remove one or more of these areas. In “Options” you can define the function and behavior of the objects in this question type. Score marks, PDF-documents and other illustrations are added via the main menu on the right hand side when standing outside of the question box.
The candidate answers this question type by selecting one or more hotspots within an image. You can add score marks, illustrations (this will be placed above the question, and not part of the answer box) and PDF-documents in the main menu to the right.
When clicking in the answer box, you ar given the opportunity to define the correct answer(-s):
You can define several correct hotspots, and you can choose whether the spot should be rectangular or circular.
“Background” lets you add a background picture which will appear in the question box.
In “Hotspots” you define the areas/spots.
There are two ways of using this kind of question:
- You add one hotspot, or several, and the student has to click on a point in the illustration "blindly". The right spot is marked with a green bullet point.
- You add one or several spots, and all the spots are visible for the candidates. The right spot is marked with a green bullet point, and it is up to the candidate to mark the right spot.
Inline Gap Match #
In this question type, the candidate is asked to place one or more tokens correctly in a text. The tokens can be either (1) plain text, (2) rich text and mathematics, or (3) images. To set up the question, click the marked box. You will get the following options:
- Distractors - distracting tokens
- Position of tokens
- Order of alternatives
- Reuse of alternatives
To set the text/images for the tokens, click the token and select Correct answers. Enter the correct answer in the lowermost text box or by uploading an image if you have chosen to show the tokens as images.
To add more tokens, use the Insert-button.
Graphic Text Entry #
In the Graphic Text Entry question type the candidate must enter words/short sentences in one or more text boxes placed over a background image.
Write the question text and click Background to add a background image.
A new menu will appear when you click the text box that says "oppgave". This menu allows you to define the correct answers. To add more text boxes, use the Insert-button. Drag and drop the text boxes to the desired location.
The "Options" tab lets you select if Inspera should be case sensitive and/or ignore whitespcae when marking the answers.
Telephone: 73 59 66 00