Forskningsprosess på 1-2-3
Collection of personal information
If you are going to collect data on people you need to check to see if you have to report your research to the Data Protection Official for Research (NSD).
Choice of methods
Ethical guidelines related to your research topic
The Norwegian National Research Ethics Committees offers guidelines related to research on:
- Medicine and Health sciences (in Norwegian)
- Adults unable to give informed consent (in Norwegian)
- Social Sciences and Humanities (in English)
(about children, particularly guideline 14)
(about adults unable to give informed consent, particularly guideline 8)
(about objects, guideline 22)
(about intenet, particularly 4B)
(about life stories, particulary 4B)
(about personal and sensitive information, particularly 4B)
(about persons, particularly 4B)
- Objects with a dubious provenance (article) (in English)
- Internet Research (in English)
- The Personal Data Act (article) (in English)
- Human remains (in English)
- Human biological material (in English)
- Science and Technology (in English)
(about use of animals, guidelines 12 and 13)
- Use of animals (in English)
There are many different approaches in the academic writing world to creating reference lists and citing sources. The four most popular styles at NTNU are the APA, Chicago, Harvard and Vancouver referencing systems. The links here are from VIKO - an aid for academic writing that offers research tips and advice primarily for students, but that may also be of help to researchers. Here you will find information about the different reference styles and how to refer to sources.
Academic journals generally have their own mandatory referencing system. Each journal's web page usually contains author guidelines that spell out which referencing system is required, but if you are in doubt, check with the library or your supervisor.
In-text citations and reference lists
Best practice - quotations, paraphrasing and references
- Reference lists written using the APA, Harvard and Chicago styles are written in alphabetical order by last name, and in decending order based on the year of publication.
- If you use the Vancouver style, you should write your reference list in chronological order based on the order in which the references are cited in the text.
Intellectual rights (IPR)
Help with publicizing your research results
Register your research activities (Cristin)
Publishing your research in full text online
- 4: The research's obligations to society
- 5: Honesty, truthfulness and accountability
- 6: Uncertainty, risks and the precautionary principle
- 7: Protection of research participants
- D: The research community
EU guidelines for researchers: Ethics for researchers (pdf)